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2019年期末英语必考时态结构之过去将来时

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收藏 来源:中考网2019-07-09 15:46:51

过去将来时

1. 概念:立足于过去某一时刻,从过去看将来,常用于宾语从句中。

2. 时间状语:the next day(morning, year),the following month(week),etc.

3. 基本结构:①was/were/going to + do;②would + do.

否定形式:①was/were/not + going to + do;②would + not + do.

一般疑问句:①was或were放于句首;②would 提到句首。

4. 用法

1) “would+动词原形”常表示主观意愿的将来。例如:

He said he would come to see me.

他说他要来看我。

He told me he would go to Beijing.

他告诉我他将去北京。

2) “was/ were+going to+动词原形”常表示按计划或安排即将发生的事。例如:

She said she was going to start off at once.

她说她将立即出发。

I was told that he was going to return home.

有人告诉我他准备回家。

此结构还可表示根据某种迹象来看,很可能或即将发生的事情。例如:

It seemed as if it was going to rain.

看来好像要下雨。

3) come, go, leave, arrive, start等瞬时动词动词可用过去进行时表示过去将来的含义。例如:

He said the train was leaving at six the next morning.

他说火车将于第二天早晨六点离开。

She told me she was coming to see me.

她告诉我她要来看我。

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